The CCPA and CPRA differ primarily in scope, treatment of sensitive personal information, penalties, consumer requests, and rights. The CCPA applies to entities handling data from over 50,000 consumers and earning half their revenue from selling personal data, while the CPRA extends this to organizations collecting data from 100,000 consumers and includes data sharing. CPRA introduces a category for sensitive personal information, similar to GDPR's special data categories, and increases fines for minors' data violations to $7500 per case. It expands consumers' rights to access, correct, and limit use of their sensitive data, and mandates that businesses notify third parties to delete shared consumer data upon request.
The California Privacy Protection Agency (CPPA) was established by the CPRA to implement and enforce both CPRA and CCPA regulations. Its responsibilities include protecting the privacy rights of California residents through four main functions: education, rulemaking, enforcement, and certification. Additionally, the agency initiates public campaigns to enhance awareness and understanding of privacy rights.
Non-compliance with CCPA and CPRA can result in significant penalties, including civil penalties, damages, and non-monetary relief. The increasing online processing of personal data heightens the risk of malicious activities like hacking and identity theft, emphasizing the importance of data privacy measures. Effective data privacy strategies not only prevent potential harms to personal integrity and security but also offer benefits like enhanced trust, credibility, and efficient data management. Furthermore, the ISO/IEC 27701 Privacy Information Management System (PIMS) standard is highlighted for helping organizations protect private information and comply with privacy regulations, building on the foundations of the ISO/IEC 27001 and 27002 standards focused on information security.